Arduino Nano ESP32 - GPS

In this guide, we'll discover how to extract GPS coordinates (longitude, latitude, altitude), GPS speed (in kilometers per hour), and date-time information from the NEO-6M GPS module. Additionally, we'll explore the process of calculating the distance between the current GPS position and a predefined set of GPS coordinates (such as the coordinates of London).

Hardware Preparation

1×Arduino Nano ESP32
1×USB Cable Type-C
1×NEO-6M GPS module
1×Jumper Wires
1×Breadboard
1×(Recommended) Screw Terminal Adapter for Arduino Nano

Or you can buy the following sensor kit:

1×DIYables Sensor Kit 30 types, 69 units
Disclosure: Some of the links provided in this section are Amazon affiliate links. We may receive a commission for any purchases made through these links at no additional cost to you. We appreciate your support.

Overview of NEO-6M GPS module

Pinout

The NEO-6M GPS module has 4 pins:

  • VCC pin: needs to be connected to VCC (3.3V or 5V)
  • GND pin: needs to be connected to GND (0V)
  • TX pin: is used for communication between the GPS module and ESP32, needs to be connect to Serial RX pin on Arduino Nano ESP32.
  • RX pin: is used for communication between the GPS module and ESP32, needs to be connect to Serial TX pin on Arduino Nano ESP32.
NEO-6M GPS module Pinout

Wiring Diagram

The wiring diagram between Arduino Nano ESP32 and GPS module

This image is created using Fritzing. Click to enlarge image

Arduino Nano ESP32 Code

Reading GPS coordinates, speed (km/h), and date time

/* * This Arduino Nano ESP32 code was developed by newbiely.com * * This Arduino Nano ESP32 code is made available for public use without any restriction * * For comprehensive instructions and wiring diagrams, please visit: * https://newbiely.com/tutorials/arduino-nano-esp32/arduino-nano-esp32-gps */ #include <TinyGPS++.h> #include <SoftwareSerial.h> #define RX_PIN D2 // The Arduino Nano ESP32 pin connected to the TX of the GPS module #define TX_PIN D3 // The Arduino Nano ESP32 pin connected to the RX of the GPS module TinyGPSPlus gps; // The TinyGPS++ object SoftwareSerial gpsSerial(RX_PIN, TX_PIN); // The serial interface to the GPS module void setup() { Serial.begin(9600); gpsSerial.begin(9600); Serial.println(F("Arduino - GPS module")); } void loop() { if (gpsSerial.available() > 0) { if (gps.encode(gpsSerial.read())) { if (gps.location.isValid()) { Serial.print(F("- latitude: ")); Serial.println(gps.location.lat()); Serial.print(F("- longitude: ")); Serial.println(gps.location.lng()); Serial.print(F("- altitude: ")); if (gps.altitude.isValid()) Serial.println(gps.altitude.meters()); else Serial.println(F("INVALID")); } else { Serial.println(F("- location: INVALID")); } Serial.print(F("- speed: ")); if (gps.speed.isValid()) { Serial.print(gps.speed.kmph()); Serial.println(F(" km/h")); } else { Serial.println(F("INVALID")); } Serial.print(F("- GPS date&time: ")); if (gps.date.isValid() && gps.time.isValid()) { Serial.print(gps.date.year()); Serial.print(F("-")); Serial.print(gps.date.month()); Serial.print(F("-")); Serial.print(gps.date.day()); Serial.print(F(" ")); Serial.print(gps.time.hour()); Serial.print(F(":")); Serial.print(gps.time.minute()); Serial.print(F(":")); Serial.println(gps.time.second()); } else { Serial.println(F("INVALID")); } Serial.println(); } } if (millis() > 5000 && gps.charsProcessed() < 10) Serial.println(F("No GPS data received: check wiring")); }

Detailed Instructions

To get started with Arduino Nano ESP32, follow these steps:

  • If you are new to Arduino Nano ESP32, refer to the tutorial on how to set up the environment for Arduino Nano ESP32 in the Arduino IDE.
  • Wire the components according to the provided diagram.
  • Connect the Arduino Nano ESP32 board to your computer using a USB cable.
  • Launch the Arduino IDE on your computer.
  • Select the Arduino Nano ESP32) board and its corresponding COM port.
  • Click to the Libraries icon on the left bar of the Arduino IDE.
  • Search “TinyGPSPlus”, then find the TinyGPSPlus library by Mikal Hart
  • Click Install button to install TinyGPSPlus library.
Arduino Nano ESP32 TinyGPS++ library
  • Copy the above code and open with Arduino IDE
  • Click Upload button on Arduino IDE to upload code to Arduino Nano ESP32
  • See the result on Serial Monitor:
COM6
Send
Autoscroll Show timestamp
Clear output
9600 baud  
Newline  

Calculating the distance from current location to a predefined location

The below code calculates the distance between the current location and London (lat:51.508131 , long: -0.128002)

/* * This Arduino Nano ESP32 code was developed by newbiely.com * * This Arduino Nano ESP32 code is made available for public use without any restriction * * For comprehensive instructions and wiring diagrams, please visit: * https://newbiely.com/tutorials/arduino-nano-esp32/arduino-nano-esp32-gps */ #include <TinyGPS++.h> #include <SoftwareSerial.h> #define RX_PIN D2 // The Arduino Nano ESP32 pin connected to the TX of the GPS module #define TX_PIN D3 // The Arduino Nano ESP32 pin connected to the RX of the GPS module TinyGPSPlus gps; // The TinyGPS++ object SoftwareSerial gpsSerial(RX_PIN, TX_PIN); // The serial interface to the GPS module const double LONDON_LAT = 51.508131; const double LONDON_LON = -0.128002; void setup() { Serial.begin(9600); gpsSerial.begin(9600); Serial.println(F("Arduino - GPS module")); } void loop() { if (gpsSerial.available() > 0) { if (gps.encode(gpsSerial.read())) { if (gps.location.isValid()) { double latitude = gps.location.lat(); double longitude = gps.location.lng(); unsigned long distanceKm = TinyGPSPlus::distanceBetween(latitude, longitude, LONDON_LAT, LONDON_LON) / 1000; Serial.print(F("- latitude: ")); Serial.println(latitude); Serial.print(F("- longitude: ")); Serial.println(longitude); Serial.print(F("- distance to London: ")); Serial.println(distanceKm); } else { Serial.println(F("- location: INVALID")); } Serial.println(); } } if (millis() > 5000 && gps.charsProcessed() < 10) Serial.println(F("No GPS data received: check wiring")); }

Detailed Instructions

  • Copy the above code and open with Arduino IDE
  • Click Upload button on Arduino IDE to upload code to Arduino Nano ESP32
  • See the result on Serial Monitor:
COM6
Send
Autoscroll Show timestamp
Clear output
9600 baud  
Newline  

Video Tutorial

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