Arduino Nano ESP32 - Force Sensor

The force sensor is called force sensitive resistor, the force sensing resistor, or FSR. This tutorial provides instructions on how to use Arduino Nano ESP32 with the force sensor. In detail, we will learn:

Hardware Preparation

1×Arduino Nano ESP32
1×USB Cable Type-C
1×Force Sensor
1×10 kΩ resistor
1×Jumper Wires
1×(Optional) DC Power Jack
1×(Recommended) Screw Terminal Adapter for Arduino Nano

Or you can buy the following sensor kits:

1×DIYables Sensor Kit (30 sensors/displays)
1×DIYables Sensor Kit (18 sensors/displays)
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Overview of Force Sensor

A force sensor is a resistor that its resistance is in inverse proportion to how much force it is given. The more force gives to the sensor, the smaller the sensor's resistance is. The force sensor is good for application that detects physical squeeze, pressure. However, it is not good for the application that finds how many pounds of weight

Force Sensor Pinout

A force sensor has two pins. Just like a resistor, we do NOT need to differentiate these pins.

Force sensor pinout

Wiring Diagram between Force Sensor and Arduino Nano ESP32

The wiring diagram between Arduino Nano ESP32 and Force

This image is created using Fritzing. Click to enlarge image

How To Program Force Sensor

The resistance is in proportion to voltage. We can use the ESP32's analog input pin to measure voltage.

By connecting a pin of the force sensor to an analog input pin, we can read the analog value from the pin ⇒ voltage ⇒ resistance ⇒ force (all í in relative value)

Arduino Nano ESP32 Code

/* * This Arduino Nano ESP32 code was developed by * * This Arduino Nano ESP32 code is made available for public use without any restriction * * For comprehensive instructions and wiring diagrams, please visit: * */ #define FORCE_SENSOR_PIN A0 // The Arduino Nano ESP32 pin connected to the force reistor void setup() { Serial.begin(9600); } void loop() { int analogReading = analogRead(FORCE_SENSOR_PIN); Serial.print("The force sensor value = "); Serial.print(analogReading); // print the raw analog reading if (analogReading < 10) // from 0 to 9 Serial.println(" -> no pressure"); else if (analogReading < 200) // from 10 to 199 Serial.println(" -> light touch"); else if (analogReading < 500) // from 200 to 499 Serial.println(" -> light squeeze"); else if (analogReading < 800) // from 500 to 799 Serial.println(" -> medium squeeze"); else // from 800 to 1023 Serial.println(" -> big squeeze"); delay(1000); }

Detailed Instructions

  • If this is the first time you use Arduino Nano ESP32, see how to setup environment for Arduino Nano ESP32 on Arduino IDE.
  • Copy the above code and paste it to Arduino IDE.
  • Compile and upload code to Arduino Nano ESP32 board by clicking Upload button on Arduino IDE
  • Press the force sensor
  • Check out the result on the Serial Monitor. It looks like the below:.
The force sensor value = 0 -> no pressure The force sensor value = 0 -> no pressure The force sensor value = 132 -> light touch The force sensor value = 147 -> light touch The force sensor value = 394 -> light squeeze The force sensor value = 421 -> light squeeze The force sensor value = 607 -> medium squeeze The force sensor value = 791 -> medium squeeze The force sensor value = 921 -> big squeeze The force sensor value = 987 -> big squeeze The force sensor value = 0 -> no pressure The force sensor value = 0 -> no pressure
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