Arduino Nano ESP32 - Temperature Sensor - LCD

This tutorial instructs you how to use Arduino Nano ESP32 to read the temperature from DS18B20 temperature sensor and display it on LCD I2C 16x2.

Hardware Preparation

1×Arduino Nano ESP32
1×USB Cable Type-C
1×LCD I2C
1×DS18B20 Temperature Sensor (WITH Adapter)
1×DS18B20 Temperature Sensor (WITHOUT Adapter)
1×Breadboard
1×Jumper Wires
1×(Optional) DC Power Jack
1×(Recommended) Screw Terminal Adapter for Arduino Nano

Or you can buy the following sensor kit:

1×DIYables Sensor Kit 30 types, 69 units
Disclosure: Some of the links provided in this section are Amazon affiliate links. We may receive a commission for any purchases made through these links at no additional cost to you. We appreciate your support.

Buy Note: Many DS18B20 sensors available in the market are unreliable. We strongly recommend buying the sensor from the DIYables brand using the link provided above. We tested it, and it worked reliably.

Overview of Temperature Sensor and LCD

We have specific tutorials about temperature sensor and LCD. Each tutorial contains detailed information and step-by-step instructions about hardware pinout, working principle, wiring connection to ESP32, Arduino Nano ESP32 code... Learn more about them at the following links:

Wiring Diagram

The wiring diagram between Arduino Nano ESP32 and Temperature Sensor LCD

This image is created using Fritzing. Click to enlarge image

Arduino Nano ESP32 Code

/* * This Arduino Nano ESP32 code was developed by newbiely.com * * This Arduino Nano ESP32 code is made available for public use without any restriction * * For comprehensive instructions and wiring diagrams, please visit: * https://newbiely.com/tutorials/arduino-nano-esp32/arduino-nano-esp32-temperature-sensor-lcd */ #include <OneWire.h> #include <DallasTemperature.h> #include <LiquidCrystal_I2C.h> #define SENSOR_PIN D2 // The Arduino Nano ESP32 pin connected to DS18B20 sensor's DQ pin OneWire oneWire(SENSOR_PIN); DallasTemperature DS18B20(&oneWire); LiquidCrystal_I2C lcd(0x27, 16, 2); // I2C address 0x27 (from DIYables LCD), 16 column and 2 rows float tempC; // temperature in Celsius float tempF; // temperature in Fahrenheit void setup() { DS18B20.begin(); // initialize the sensor lcd.init(); // initialize the lcd lcd.backlight(); // open the backlight } void loop() { DS18B20.requestTemperatures(); // send the command to get temperatures tempC = DS18B20.getTempCByIndex(0); // read temperature in Celsius tempF = tempC * 9 / 5 + 32; // convert Celsius to Fahrenheit lcd.clear(); lcd.setCursor(0, 0); // display position lcd.print(tempC); // display the temperature in Celsius lcd.print((char)223); // display ° character lcd.print("C"); lcd.setCursor(0, 1); // display position lcd.print(tempF); // display the temperature in Fahrenheit lcd.print((char)223); // display ° character lcd.print("F"); delay(500); }

※ NOTE THAT:

The LCD I2C address can be different from each manufacturer. In the code, we used address of 0x27 that is specified by DIYables manufacturer

Detailed Instructions

To get started with Arduino Nano ESP32, follow these steps:

  • If you are new to Arduino Nano ESP32, refer to the tutorial on how to set up the environment for Arduino Nano ESP32 in the Arduino IDE.
  • Wire the components according to the provided diagram.
  • Connect the Arduino Nano ESP32 board to your computer using a USB cable.
  • Launch the Arduino IDE on your computer.
  • Select the Arduino Nano ESP32) board and its corresponding COM port.
  • Click to the Libraries icon on the left bar of the Arduino IDE.
  • Search “DallasTemperature” on the search box, then look for the DallasTemperature library by Miles Burton.
  • Click Install button to install DallasTemperature library.
Arduino Nano ESP32 Dallas Temperature library
  • You will be asked to install the dependency. Click Install All button to install OneWire library.
Arduino Nano ESP32 onewire library
  • Type “LiquidCrystal I2C” on the search box, then look for the LiquidCrystal_I2C library by Frank de Brabander
  • Click Install button to install LiquidCrystal_I2C library.
Arduino Nano ESP32 LiquidCrystal I2C library
  • Copy the above code and paste it to Arduino IDE.
  • Compile and upload code to Arduino Nano ESP32 board by clicking Upload button on Arduino IDE
  • Make the sensor hotter or colder by gripping the DS18B20 temerature sensor on your hand, or embedding it on hot and cold water.
  • See the result in LCD

If the LCD displays nothing, see Troubleshooting on LCD I2C

Line-by-line Code Explanation

The above Arduino Nano ESP32 code contains line-by-line explanation. Please read the comments in the code!

Video Tutorial

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